The game of cricket has a well-known history dating back to the late 16th century. Originating in the southeast of England, it became a national sport in the 18th century and developed globally in the 19th and 20th centuries. International matches have been played since 1844 and Test cricket began and was recognized back in 1877. Cricket is the second most popular spectator game in the world after football. The governance of the International Cricket Council (ICC) has more than 100 member states and territories, although only 12 currently play Test cricket.
First definite reference
In 1597 (Old Style – 1598 New Style) a court case in England over a land dispute over a common piece of land in Guildford, Surrey cricket. The 59-year-old detective, John Derrick, testified that he and his school friends played cricket in the area 50 years ago at the Free School. Derrick’s account proves beyond any doubt that the game was played in Surrey about 1550 and is the first widely accepted reference to the game.
The first-time cricket was shown as an adult sport was in 1611 when two men in Sussex were playing cricket on Sunday instead of going to church and they were persecuted as it was considered offence. In the same year, the dictionary defined cricket as a gentlemen’s game, and this suggests that adult participation is the latest development.
Cricket may have originated in Saxon or Norman times by children living in Weald, an area ofdense jungle and clearing in south eastern England across the Kent and Sussex. The first clear indication was written on Monday, January 17, 1597 (Julian’s day “old style”, the year equal to 1598 in the modern calendar).
There have been several speculations about the origin of the game including whether it was created in France or Flanders. The start of these speculation indications is dated Thursday, 10 March 1300 and affects the future King Edward II playing “creag and other games” in Westminster and Newenden.
It is generally believed that cricket survived as a game for children for generations before it was adopted by adults in the early 17th century. Perhaps cricket is based on vessels, assuming vessels are an old game, with the intervention of a batsman trying to prevent the ball from reaching its target by hitting it. Playing in a sheepfold or a laundry, the first items may have been a woollen lump (or even a stone or a piece of wood) like a ball; a stick or a villain or other farm tool such as a bat; a chair, or stump of a tree or a gate (e.g. a wicket gate) as a wicket.
After the end of the Civil War in 1648, the new Puritan government banned “illegal gatherings”, in particular, from dangerous sports such as football. Their laws also required that the Sabbath be kept firmly in place. The popularity of cricket is likely to decline during the Commonwealth. However, it flourished in public-funded schools such as Winchester and St Paul. There is no real evidence that Oliver Cromwell’s government directly banned cricket and there were references to it when it came to reports that it was acceptable to the authorities as long as it did not create a “violation of the Sabbath”. It is believed that the nobles, in general, accepted cricket at this time by participating in local sports.
Gambling in Cricket
Cricket flourished after its restoration in 1660 and is believed to have attracted the first gamblers who gambled the most at this time. In 1664, the “Cavalier” Parliament passed the Gaming Act 1664 which limited the amount of £ 100, although that was still a lot of money at the time, equivalent to about £ 15,000 in modern terms. Cricket had become an important gambling game by the end of the 17th century. There is a newspaper report of a “good game” played in Sussex in 1697 with 11 players each playing high pitches of 50 guineas on the sidelines.
International cricket begins
US and Canada played the first international cricket match in 1844. The match was played at Strick’s Cricket Club Stadium in New York. In 1859, a team of leading English specialists set out for North America on their first overseas expedition, and, in 1862, the first team of England visited Australia. Between May and October 1868, a group of Australian natives visited England where they were the first Australian cricket team to travel overseas.
In 1877, an English team traveling to Australia played two games against the full Australian XIs now considered to be the first Test matches. The following year, Australians visited England for the first time and the success of the trip confirmed the popular demand for similar businesses in the future. No trials were played in 1878 but after that, it was followed, and, at The Oval in 1882, Australia’s victorious victory finally produced The Ashes.
South Africa became the third nation to have a Test team in 1889.
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